Wetlands are the link between the land & the water. They are transition zones where the flow of water, the cycling of nutrients and the energy of the sun meet to produce a unique ecosystem characterized by hydrology, soils and vegetation-making these areas very important features of a watershed.
Often called “nurseries of life”, wetlands provide habitat for thousands of species of aquatic and terrestrial plants & animals.
Wetland functions include water quality improvement, floodwater storage, fish & wildlife habitat, aesthetics & biological productivity.
Although wetlands are best known for being home to water lilies, turtles, frogs, snakes, alligators, and crocodiles, they also provide important habitat for waterfowl, fish and mammals.
Migrating birds use wetlands to rest and feed during their cross-continental journeys and as nesting sites when they are home..
As a result, wetland loss has a serious impact on these species. Habitat degradation since the 1970’s has been the leading cause of species extinction.
Destroying or degrading wetlands can lead to serious consequences, such as increased flooding, extinction of species, and decline in water quality.
- Wetlands (cseindiaportal.wordpress.com)
- Marine science institute gets $1M to save wetlands (hamptonroads.com)
- U.S. Settles Clean Water Act Case For Wetlands Violations In The Chesapeake Bay Watershed (wateronline.com)